Development of Personal Identity: Between Realizing and Constructing
The formation of identity could have occurred in two different ways: (1) The realizing of the data about oneself; (2) The constructing of those qualities which the person would be possessed. The first way has led to the ascribed identity. The second one has led to the achievement identity. The question is how we realize the achievement of identity. The wide-spread model of achievement identity might be remarked as dramatic one. According to it, the contemporary societies are the conglomeration of social groups and, as P. Berger and T. Luckman wrote, typical identities. So the contemporary person living into more than one group needs to form different identities, and its existence is usually described by the model called as «the struggle of identities. I think this approach cannot rate as fruitful because there does not imply the development of personal identity as a whole. It is not accidentally that in the framework of such approach the person is considered as an actor mastering the certain repertory of identities and realizing the policy of identity, as I. Goffman remarked it, in favour of the influence on social surroundings. I argue that it is necessary both to realize the ascribed identity and to construct achievement identities but it is not enough. It has been become importantly to development the realized identity in the processes of numerous contacts. What is more, the achievement identity should create on the basis of the earlier realized identities and include not only outer, or showed but also inner, or internalizing qualities. This paper studies the model called as 'the development of identity'. It attends to the policy of influence on personal identity and to a concept of 'the desired identity'. The larger purpose is to show how the personal identity can be modified and cultivated to developed personality.
Keywords: Personal Identity, Realizing Identity, Constructing Identity, Development of Identity, Policy of Influence on Personal Identity, Desired Identity
Prof. Irina Mitina
Professor, Department of Philosophy, Culturology and Theology, South Federation University