Transnational Displacement of Children: A Consideration of Human Rights Imperatives for Australian Policy and Practice
Global flows of people are a ubiquitous feature of the new global order of the 21st century. The United Nations High Commission for Refugees estimates that 25 million children are currently on the move from their homes. Their movement may be due to their being voluntary migrants, refugees and/or asylum seekers whose pre-migration history may well include severe trauma. Indeed, the turbulence of their migration experiences may carry a range of adverse sequelae. While Australia claims to be a leading resettlement nation, its policies and practices with respect to displaced children and their families have been seen to work against basic human rights such as those espoused in the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child 1989. This paper provides a critical map of Australia’s resettlement policies and practices of the past decade in light of the human rights conventions to which Australia is signatory. It calls for policies and practices with respect to displaced children which are both socially just and globally sustainable.
Keywords: Children, Migration, Transnational, Displacement, Global Order
Prof. Ann Farrell
Head of School, School of Early Childhood