The Women in Tamil Classical Literature as Portrayed in Ettuttokai (Eight Anthologies)

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Tamil classical literature is an ancient literature. It has a long history and a great source of information to know about ancient Tamils life, customs, beliefs, roles, history and etc. It was divided as akam (internal) and puram (external) poems. The akam poems dealt with love and feelings related to it, while the puram poems are about war, daily life, ballad, beliefs, etc. The purpose of this paper is to discuss the role of ancient Tamil women as portrayed in the anthology Ettutokai. They appear as a young girl, as a lady in love, as a wife, as a mother, and presents their beliefs and experiences. Thus these Ettuttokai poems provide the base for the paper.


Keywords: Tamil Classical Literature, Akam, Puram, Ettuttokai, Girl, Lady, Lover (Heroine), Wife, Beliefs
Stream: Literature, Literary Studies
Presentation Type: Paper Presentation in English
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Arulselvan Raju Raju

Lecturer, Centre for Promotion of Knowledge and Language Learning, University Sabah Malaysia
Kota Kinabalu, Sabah, Malaysia

Teaching basic Tamil language to non-native speakers. Had fourteen years of experiences as teacher training college lecturer, as trainer of primary and secondary school teacher. Had masters degree in Tamil Classical Literature and now on the process of doing my Ph.d. I have an interest in Tamil modern and classical literature and like to compare it with other languages.

Ref: H08P0672