Identifying Problems and Implementing Solutions: The Production of Consonant Sounds in Spoken English among EFL/ESL Learners
English might be an international language but for learners of English as a foreign or a second language, English can be a complicated language to learn and understand. One specific aspect of this complicated process of learning has to do with pronunciation especially when it is to be used in spoken English. This is because languages have different accents. They are pronounced differently by people of different geographical places, from different social classes, of different ages and different educational backgrounds. Thus, if we cannot use the letters of the alphabet in a consistent way to represent sounds we make, how do we go about describing the sounds of language like English? Therefore, EFL or ESL teachers can highlight the importance of communication and assist learners to be communicatively competent through effective and related pronunciation activities. In this way, teachers can also help students minimize local and global errors, which can sometimes result to embarrassing flaws in spoken English. This paper attempts to discuss indepthly of a specific problem area in learning English pronunciation, which is the confusion between producing consonant sounds often made by foreign and second language learners of English across cultures. This study will explain the roots to the problems made by EFL and ESL learners and then, explore a variety of micro and macro skills to be implemented in the teaching-learning process of spoken English as possible solutions.
Keywords: Spoken English, Production of Consonant Sounds
Siti Zuraiyni Yassin
Lecturer, Centre for the Promotion of Knowledge & Language Learning, Universiti Malaysia Sabah