Urbanization and Its Implication on the Malay women’s Social Interaction

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Over the past decades, Malaysia has seen a tremendous social and economic development and transformation. Rural areas are being developed and transformed to a new urban area. This process of transformation has an effect on the social interaction on the community in the area particularly the women. The aim of this paper is to examine the pattern of social interaction particularly on the Malay women’s communication in Malaysia, due to the process of urbanization in their area. Further, it intends to look at women’s view on the meaning of urbanization and its implication towards their pattern of communication. This research employs a qualitative method by using an in-depth interview of ten women, who lives in the area that has undergone and experienced the process of urbanization. The research revealed that due to the rapid development, there was a changing pattern in women’s social interaction. This changing pattern has led women to change their way of communication that is by using Information Communication Technology (ICT) via the use of telephone in order to replace their daily face-to-face communication. Telephone is used as a new culture for communication to women to carry out their activities in their daily lives. The research concludes that the meaning of urbanization to women apart from enables them to communicate easily via new technology, it is also seen as trying to separate the women among themselves physically, leaving them to communicate in isolation. Thus, their physical social interaction is seen as becoming limited and restricted.


Keywords: Communication, Communication Technology, Social Interaction, Gender, Urbanization
Stream: Media, Film Studies, Theatre, Communication
Presentation Type: Paper Presentation in English
Paper: , Urbanization and its Implication on the Malay Women’s Social Interaction


Assoc. Prof. Siti Zobidah Omar

Head of Department, Lecturer, Communication Department
Faculty of Modern Languages and Communication, Universiti Putra Malaysia

Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia

Siti Zobidah Omar is a lecturer in the Department of Communication, Faculty of Modern Languages and Communication, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Malaysia. She is also the head of Department of Communication. She earned her first degree in Mass Communication (Journalism) from the University Teknologi Mara (UiTM), her Master of Arts Degree in Communication Technology and Policy from Macquarie University, Sydney, Australia and her Ph.D in Communication Technology and Culture from The University of Birmingham, United Kingdom. Her research interest is on communication technology, culture and gender particularly the use of the telephone and culture. Currently she is involved in a research on the use of ICT and family communication.

Prof Dr. Normaliza Abd Rahim

Lecturer, Department of Malay Language, Universiti Putra Malaysia
Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia

Dr. Normaliza Abd Rahim is currently the coordinator for the Translation and Intepretation and Language Technology Lecturer at Universiti Putra Malaysia. Due to her keen interest in language technology in teaching and learning, and her wide experience in teaching the English language courses, she was appointed as the consultant for curriculum development for private universities and colleges in one of the states in Malaysia. As such, she provides assistance in developing activities to enhance the usage of English language by using the computer amongst the students in the university. She is also interested on special educational needs children where at present she is the consultant for one of the states in Malaysia. She involves voluntarily in giving advice to parents and teachers of the special needs.

Dr. Zaitul Azma Zainon Hamzah

Lecturer, Department of Malay Language, Universiti Putra Malaysia
Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia

Holds a Doctoral Degree in Semantic and Pragmatic. Areas of interest are Pragmatics in Children, Semantic and Translation. Currently supervsing Ph.D students mastering the Teaching and Learning of Malay Language.

Dr. Amini Amir Abdullah

Director, Islamic Center
Universiti Putra Malaysia, Universiti Putra Malaysia

Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia

Dr Amini Amir Abdullah is a lecturer at the Faculty of Human Ecology, Universiti Putra Malaysia and also a Director at the Islamic Center, Universiti Putra Malaysia. He holds a Bachelor degree from University of Malaya, Master of Arts (Usuluddin) from Unversity of Science, Penang and PhD in Islamic Studies for The University of Birmingham, United Kingdom. His research interest is in the area of Islamic relations and social interactions.

Ref: H08P0062