The Perception and Awareness of Safety in a Public Park: Crime Prevention through Environmental Design
Personal safety in the public parks has been an important factor that needs to be considered by park users, park managers and designers. Parks which were traditionally been a refugee and sanctuary for the citizens has been perceived to be unsafe by some segments of the population. A survey was conducted at Taman Tasik Perdana and Taman Tasik Permaisuri Kuala Lumpur to study the perception of safety among park users. The survey found that having simple access and movement within the park will help to improve the perception of safety and comfort of the area compared to more complicated access. The perception of safety is determined by having unobstructed, well-defined and logical routes within the park circulation. The effect of clear visual accessibility within the park improves and enhances the perception of safety among the park users. Accessibility is determined by open areas where one can see and be seen by other people in the park. Other factors include tall trees with long sightlines, fewer shrubs that can block the views, well maintained and regular pruning of plants, and the presence of park workers with uniforms in the park will ensure their safety . The implication of these findings will help to provide guidelines for park designers and managers to be proactive in ensuring safety to park users.
Keywords: Personal Safety, Park Circulation, Sightlines
Dr. Maheran Yaman
Lecturer/Head of Department, Department of Landscape Architecture, International Islamic University
Dr. Nik Ismail Azlan Ab. Rahman
Lecturer, Dept. of Park and Recreational, UITM