The Effects of Immigration and Emigration on the Family Structure in Turkey
Anatolia is accepted as a region which hosts important civilizations resulted from immigration and emigration throughout the history. Migrations had occurred from the lost lands of Balkans and from the Caucasia during the Ottoman Empire. After the establishment of the Republic the non-Muslims in the Turkey and the Muslims from abroad are exchanged. The variety of migrations and the number of migrants increased between the years of 1950-1970. During this period, migrations occurred from village to urban, labor to abroad and cognates from abroad. Anatolia witnessed asylum seekers and transit migrants as new kind of migrations between the years of 1980 and 1990. Political instability continues in the region of our country. Since Turkey as a bridge between east and west has more political and economical stability than the other countries in the region, it still receives immigration. Brain drain and emigration due to marriage occurs to abroad as well.
Migration causes social, cultural, economical and political changes in social structure. Because migrations have a great effect on family life, determination of the structural features of the family, which is one of the essential foundations of the culture, is essential to identify the direction and the extent of the change. Attributes related to the family structure, like type of the families, social roles, decision making, contribution of the women to the economy, saving and affinity of consumption change with the migration. This has a great importance to create social integrity and to achieve a healthy social life in the society.
Keywords: Emigration, İmmigration, İmmigration to Turkey, Emigration from Turkey, Turkey
Assist. Prof. Dr. Seher Cesur-Kılıçaslan
Academic, Department of Family and Consumer Sciences
Prof. R. Günsel Terzioğlu
Academic, Department Head, Department of Family and Consumer Sciences