The Effects of Immigration and Emigration on the Family Structure in Turkey

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Anatolia is accepted as a region which hosts important civilizations resulted from immigration and emigration throughout the history. Migrations had occurred from the lost lands of Balkans and from the Caucasia during the Ottoman Empire. After the establishment of the Republic the non-Muslims in the Turkey and the Muslims from abroad are exchanged. The variety of migrations and the number of migrants increased between the years of 1950-1970. During this period, migrations occurred from village to urban, labor to abroad and cognates from abroad. Anatolia witnessed asylum seekers and transit migrants as new kind of migrations between the years of 1980 and 1990. Political instability continues in the region of our country. Since Turkey as a bridge between east and west has more political and economical stability than the other countries in the region, it still receives immigration. Brain drain and emigration due to marriage occurs to abroad as well.

Migration causes social, cultural, economical and political changes in social structure. Because migrations have a great effect on family life, determination of the structural features of the family, which is one of the essential foundations of the culture, is essential to identify the direction and the extent of the change. Attributes related to the family structure, like type of the families, social roles, decision making, contribution of the women to the economy, saving and affinity of consumption change with the migration. This has a great importance to create social integrity and to achieve a healthy social life in the society.


Keywords: Emigration, İmmigration, İmmigration to Turkey, Emigration from Turkey, Turkey
Stream: Immigration, Refugees, Race, Nation
Presentation Type: Paper Presentation in English
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Assist. Prof. Dr. Seher Cesur-Kılıçaslan

Academic, Department of Family and Consumer Sciences
Faculty of Economics and Administrative Sciences, Hacettepe University

Ankara, Turkey

Dr. Seher Cesur Kılıçaslan research interests include İmmigrant and Refugee Familys. She has published in a variety of social science journals, including Çevre ve İnsan Dergisi, Kadefe, Ev Ekonomisi Dergisi. Some of her works title are; The Family Structure of the Bulgarian Immigrants and the Local Residents Living in Inegol Region, The Problems of Refugee Women, Sustainable Development and Women, The Analysıs of the Behaviour of Families from Different Education Classes Concerning of the Newspapers Promotional Activities. Her interests are; reading,writing children tales, walking.

Prof. R. Günsel Terzioğlu

Academic, Department Head, Department of Family and Consumer Sciences
Faculty of Economics and Administrative Sciences, Hacettepe University

Ankara, Turkey

Dr. Günsel R. Terzioğlu is a Professor of Family and Consumer Sciences at Hacettepe University Faculty of Economics and Administrative Sciences. She teaches in the undergraduate and graduate programs in the areas of Family and Consumer Sciences, Family Resource Management, Family Economy, Consumer Decisions, Family-Financial System. Dr. Terzioğlu’s research interests include Home Management Principles, Economical Activities of Families, Money Use and Purchases in Families, Saving and Investment Tendencies of Families, Family Budget, Family as a Consumer Unit. She has published in a variety of social science journals, including Journal of Consumer Studies and Home Economics, Aging and Mental Health, Aile ve Toplum Dergisi, Hacettepe Üniversitesi Sosyolojik Araştırmalar e-dergi, Verimlilik Dergisi, Yeni Tıp Dergisi.

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