Tagore's Educational Philosophy and Education for Humanity
Rabindranath Tagore was an Indian humanist and a poet who began questioning the relevance of a system of education created by nation-states. He argued that this kind of education, propelled by political motivation was harmful not only to individual freedom but also to global co-operation. Instead he proposed a system of education formulated by civil society which would promote world peace and co-operation and not be limited by narrow national interests. My paper aims to analyse Tagore's writing during the period from 1900 to 1930, to understand the reasons which led Tagore to critically examine the whole concept of education free from national and nationalist constraints. Tagore began developing two parallel discourses on 'Nation' and 'education' and connected this strain of thought to the concept of a 'universal man'. I intend to examine this development in Tagore's thinking to understand the relevance of Tagore's ideas for creating a system of education aimed at promoting international co-operation and creating global citizens.
Keywords: Tagore, Educational Ideas, Civil Society, Global Citizens
History department, Delhi University