The Scourge of Unemployment
A lot has been said about unemployment in the world. Statistics have been provided to map where unemployment is concentrated, and Southern Africa is on the top of the list. Yet, little is done to understand various forms of unemployment, as a lot depends on the official definition of employment. In this paper, which focuses on the survey conducted in Soweto, a township in Johannesburg, the author argues that some of the employment types are 'partial employment', while others are 'fill-ins' depending on the nature of the activity. This approach questions and opposes popular belief that official statistics are the conerstone of employment figures. It argues that with partial employment and fill-ins, the rate of unemployment in South Africa could rise, as it does in Soweto.
Keywords: Employment, Unemployment, Partial Employment, Fill-ins
Researcher, Centre for Sociological Research, University of Johannesburg