A Study of the Relationship Between Organizational Culture and Leadership Styles in Iranian Institutes of Higher Education

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The theory of organizational culture maintains that individual behavior within an organization is not solely controlled by the formal regulations and structures of authority as supported by structural theorists. Instead, the theory postulates that cultural norms, values, beliefs, and assumptions provide unconscious guidance and direction, and consequently, the subsequent behavior of organizational members. If you want to be able to comprehend the current behavior of an organization as well as to reasonably anticipate its future actions then you must be able to understand the deep basic underlying assumptions that comprise the abstract concept of organizational culture (Schein, 1999). This research suggests that there is a lack of congruence between the Iranian Institutes of Higher Education culture and the faculties desired culture. This conclusion is based on empirical data that indicate that faculties believe that they operate on a day-to day basis in a profession whose culture is characterized by an overarching desire for stability and control, formal rules and policies, coordination and efficiency, goal and results oriented, and hard-driving competitiveness. Emphasizing this lack of cultural congruence, the respondents of this study also indicated that the faculties culture should be one that emphasizes flexibility, discretion, participation, human resource development, innovation, creativity, risk-taking, and a long-term emphasis on professional growth and the acquisition of new professional knowledge and skills, which is more aligned with the universities strategic external environment. One of the principal reasons for the popular interest in the study of organizational culture is to determine the linkage between it and organizational performance (Berrio, 2003). This study has reviewed a previously assumed but unverified connection between organizational culture and leadership styles. It has uncovered a lack of congruence between the dominant type of organizational culture and leadership styles. This observed lack of congruence may be inhibiting performance and unconsciously perpetuating a cycle of caution and an over reliance
on stability and control.


Keywords: Organizational Culture, Leadership Styles, Higher education
Stream: Knowledge
Presentation Type: Workshop Presentation in English
Paper: A paper has not yet been submitted.


Dr. Farough Amin Mozaffari

Fculty Member, Faculty, University of Tabriz
Tabriz, East Azarbaijan, Iran (Islamic Republic of)

• Academic Degrees

_Ph.D. Higher Education Management
- M.S. degree in Management
- M.S. degree in Anthropology
- M.S. degree in Social Research
- B.S. degree in Social Research
-
Member of Faculty in University of Tabriz
• Published Books and Papers
-Virtual Era Higher Education (In Persain Language)
- Encyclopedia of Higher Education( As Co-authored in Field of Culture and Higher Education)
-Anthropology ( for the students of Socail Sciences)
- Population Analysis
- Some Paper Published in national journals

• Conferences

- Convergent Trends in Iranian Private Higher Education – Presented in : 1st Global Conference Monday 12th February – Wendnsday 14th February 2007 - Sydney – Australia


- Social Setting and Science Prodution - CHER _Finland -2005
• Researches


- A National Research on Access in Higher education
- Some other Research in th field of Higher education

Khorshid Padashi Asl

Faculty Member, Education, Islamic Azad University of Tabriz
Tabriz, East Azarbaijan, Iran (Islamic Republic of)

• Academic Degrees

- M.S. degree in Counseling Psychology 1999
- B.S. degree in Educational Management 1996
- Member of Faculty in Islamic Azad University of Tabriz
- Acquiring 19.5 degree from 20 degree in Students Evaluation( The highest degrree

• Published Papers

- Padashi Asl ، Khorshid (1994) Bilingual Children ، Hami Magazine، Welfare Organization.

- Padashi Asl ، Khorshid (1995) Home and School ، Two Different Worlds ، Hami Magazine، Welfare Organization.

- Padashi Asl ، Khorshid (2003) The Study of Relationship Between Family Characteristics and ADHD Children . Islamic Azad University of Ashtian.


• Conferences

- Convergent Trends in Iranian Private Higher Education – Presented in : 1st Global Conference Monday 12th February – Wendnsday 14th February 2007 - Sydney – Australia


- Social Setting and Science System - Published in :

The American Association of Behavioral and Social Sciences
Tenth Annual Meeting February 8 - February 9, 2007 –Flamingo Las Legas, Nevada
• Social Activities


-Head of the Tassalla Counsling Centre in Tabriz

- Head of the Parastoo-ha Kinder garden in Tabriz

Ref: H08P0276